for the Child's Right to Play



The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is the World's most adopted Treaty, the UK has signed it.   Article 31 of the Convention states:

1. States Parties recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.

2. States Parties shall respect and promote the right of the child to participate fully in cultural and artistic life and shall encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for cultural, artistic, recreational and leisure activity.       

The Convention in full:   Read it HERE 


The Fair Play for Children Online Library

This is organised by subject, additions are welcome - contact details in right-hand column.


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Online Library          


The Fair Play for Children Online Library aims to grow a reference of documents relating to aspects of childhood.  Many are in PDF format, we are alway happy to consider additions.   Contact details top of right-hand column.   Use these also to raise any issues such as attribution, new/revised editions, copyright etc. 


The categories are given below. 


Also, see our Publications page and the weekly Fair Play for Children Research Resource

 
A New Playwork Perspective (2004)
Mick Conway - -
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Adventure Playgrounds - an Introduction
Seminal guide published in the 1984, 2nd edition published 2007
Harry Shier - National Playing Fields Association - 0 946085 012
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Bromley Play Strategy
Strategy paper 2007
- London Borough Bromley -
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Children's Play Review: Feedback to children and young people
This report gives feedback to children and young people about a review of children’s play. The review looked at how best to spend £200 million from the National Lottery on improving children’s play opportunities. (The report says that the New Opportunities Fund (NOF) will manage how the money is spent. Since the review took place, the Government has decided to replace NOF with a new body). The money was pledged in June 2001. The review took place between October 2002 and April 2003. It was UK-wide and covered children and young people aged 0 – 16 so the review looked at older young people as well as younger children, even though they may not use the word ‘play’ to describe things they might want to do. Frank Dobson MP led the review. His full report was published on 21 January 2004 and it makes recommendations to Government about how Lottery money on play should be spent.
- -
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Children's Right to Play -
This working paper focuses on play as a discrete element of Article 31 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Summarizing a wealth of contemporary research, the authors discuss in depth, the nature and benefits of childrens play, urging State Parties and adults in general to recognize, respect and promote play as a right of every child. Through play, children create a world in which they are in control for that moment, helping them develop an array of flexible responses to situations that they create and encounter. Children can create their own self-protection through play and it allows them to rearrange their worlds so that they are less frightening or less boring; transforming structures and crossing borders. Play contributes to many adaptive systems that positively affect health, well-being and resilience. Such systems include; pleasure, emotion regulation, stress response, attachments, learning and creativity.
By Stuart Lester and Wendy Russell - Early Childhood-related SAS Resources and Information -
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Childrens Outdoor Charter of Rights
Every child in the UK has the developmental right to spend time enjoying and exploring the wonders of the natural world.
- Save Childhood Movement -
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Childrens tree swings - A guide to good practice
A good practice guide to the safe siting, installation and use of childrens rope swings in trees. The guide is intended to help outdoor playworkers to manage the risks - and benefits - associated with rope swings, and to provide practical advice on how to install them effectively.
- London Play etc -
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Cognitive Characteristics of Handicapped Children's Play: A Review
Although play is generally considered an important learning medium for young normally developing children, its value as a learning medium for young handicapped children has been less fully appreciated. Early research may not have portrayed handicapped children's play skills accurately, because many of the studies were carried out with institutionalized subjects. This paper reviews recent research on the development of play skills in young handicapped children, focusing on developmental patterns in various handicapped groups, areas of deficit, and implications for intervention.
Sally J. King - ournal of Early Intervention -
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Crawley Adventure Playground Report 1955
A wonderful look back into the very early days of Adventure Play in Britain, a report from 1955, one year after it opened. There are things which will cause health-and-safety nightmares (days of innocence indeed) but the spirit of play in the community shines through. Lessons for today? Read on ....
- Crawley Adventure Playgorund Committee -
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Differences in Children's Construction of Gender Across Culture : An Interpretive Approach
The authors examine gender segregation and cross-sex play in a comparative perspective. Although some level of gender segregation seems to be a universal feature in childrens play, taking an interpretive view, it was found that children in some peer cultures emphasize gender differences and ritualize cross-sex interactions and in other cultures, children seldom enforce gender boundaries
Hilary Aydt and William A. Corsaro - www.sagepublications.com -
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Fair Play for Children submits evidence to the All Parliamentary Group on Youth Affairs
Fair Play's evidence in 2018 to the All Parliamentary Group Inquiry re Youth Services
Jan Cosgrove - Fair Play for Children -
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Getting Serious About Play
2001: This report sets out how best to invest the 200 million from the New Opportunities Fund, pledged in June 2001, for improving childrens play opportunities. It is the result of an eight month review that involved extensive consultation, commissioned research and drew on evidence from existing sources. * It looked at the needs of children and young people aged from 0-16. While the review process covered the whole of the UK, the reports conclusions and recommendations are specific to England. It is for the devolved administrations to draw upon the review as they think fit.
Department for Culture Media & Sport - -
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Hackney Play Streets Evaluation

Sets out findings of an evaluation of a Play Streets programme run by Hackney Play Association on behalf of LB Hackney Council's Get Hackney Healthy (GHH) Board. 

Health and Safety Inspection Checklist Playground Maintenance (Australia)
Fixed equipment checklist
- unknown -
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How to manage risk in play provision
Children need to take risks when they play.
Robin Sutcliffe Tim Gill - Play Safety Forum, UK -
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Is Childrens Play Innate?
Ellen Crain, an emergency room pediatrician, observes that young children play in the E.R. even when they are fairly sick. For example, young children with acute asthma nevertheless play with the toys in the waiting room or the equipment in the examining room. Ellen has been so impressed by the childrens behavior that she wonders if the need to play is innate. Ellens question takes on urgency today. Education policy makers act as if play is frivolous as if we neednt make room for it.
Ellen Crain - ENCOUNTER: Education for Meaning and Social Justice -
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Is todays society supporting the childs right to play or are todays children suffering from play deficits?
In order to begin a discussion regarding play and child development it is important to develop an understanding of what is meant by the term play. It is generally accepted that play is what a child does. It is his work. Children of all cultures and socio economic groups engage in play experiences in which the process is the same although the materials, environment and outcome may be different.
Yvonne Kiefert Adebar - -
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JOB DESCRIPTIONS AND PERSONAL SPECIFICATIONS
This paper should be read in conjunction with the ‘A Personal List Of Events And Evolving Understanding That Have Led Playwork To Where It Is Today’ and ‘The playwork matrix’
- Mick Conway, Bob Hughes, Gordon Sturrock, March 2004 -
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Let the children play: Nature's answer to early learning
Play enhances every aspect of children’s development and learning. It is children’s window to the world. Play is so important that its significance in children’s lives is recognized by the United Nations as a specific right in addition to, and distinct from, a child’s right to recreation and leisure. However, children’s children’s opportunities for play and their access to play environments is changing.
- Canadian Council on Learning -
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No ball games here (or shopping, playing or talking to the neighbours)
To mark Living Streets 80th anniversary, we commissioned new research, spanning the ways different generations have made use of our streets. By speaking to parents of 5-10 year old children who are currently aged 30-40, and asking the same questions of todays pensioners who have grown-up children themselves, we have built up a picture of how the function and feeling of our streets has changed over three generations.
- Living Streets -
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Outdoor Sports Provision and Childrens Playing Space
When mapping the distance thresholds and catchment zones for outdoor sports provision and provision for children and young people the National Playing Fields Association standards were used. This meant that certain sites identified in the green space audit could not be used, such as the Saffron Walden Golf Course as golf courses are excluded in the NPFA standards. Also where possible sites with multi uses such as outdoor sports sites with separate childrens playgrounds have been split. This was only possible where the base map showed he childrens playground as a separate block.
- Fields in Trust -
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PARENTS REJOICE! CHILDREN WOULD RATHER PLAY WITH YOU THAN WATCH TV
A global study on play asked children aged 7-12 a series of paired-choice questions in an attempt to figure out what they would rather do watch TV or play with their friends or parents.
- IKEA -
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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PLAY FOR TODDLERS
Under-fives who are walking should be physically active for at least three hours per day about 25 per cent of waking time
- www.infantandtoddlerforum.org -
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Planning for Play
The Government is committed to protecting playing fields wherever possible and to boosting the opportunities that young people have to participate in sport.
2001 - Department for Culture, Media and Sport -
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PLAY AND OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE: LITERATURE REVIEW TO INFORM THE NATIONAL EVALUATION OF PLAY PATHFINDFERS AND PLAY BUILDERS
In mid 2008, the Department commissioned SQW Consulting and Ipsos MORI to carry out a national evaluation of the Play Pathfinder and Play Builder programmes over the period 2008 to 2011. The purpose of the evaluation is to understand the impact of the Governments play investment on children and parents satisfaction and use of play spaces, as well as wider outcomes linked to childrens health and well-being, and impacts on local communities.
Dr Sue Rogers and Dr Caroline Pelletier, Alison Clark - DCSF -
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Play in the Childrens Plan
Summary of the key issues relating to Play in the UK Government's Childrens Plan
- Play England -
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Play Report - International Summary of Research Reports
IKEA has undertaken a major research-driven project to investigate the subjects of childrens development and play. Survey fieldwork was carried out online in 25 countries by Research Now, London. Family Kids and Youth partnered with IKEA to design the questionnaire, analyse the results and provide an overview of child development and background to the importance of play.
- -
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Play Report International
Results of survey carried out in several countries by IKEA examining attitudes to children's play. A unique undertaking. Crucial reading for all who work with children in formal and informal settings.
Family Kids and Youth - IKEA -
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Play Wales Response to the Child Poverty Strategy for Wales Consultation
The innovative Foundation Phase curriculum recognises that childrens individual learning journeys are best supported by play because of the way play starts with the child and fosters a growing sense of confidence and esteem. As children spend a substantial proportion of their time in school, the professional play practice of teachers and learning assistants is pivotal in reducing the effects of inequality.
- Play Wales -
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Playing Fields Statistics
Stats for English Playing Fields, 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
- Sports England -
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PROTECTING CHILDREN FROM VIOLENCE IN SPORT
During recent years it has become evident that sport is not always a safe space for children, and that the same types of violence and abuse sometimes found in families and communities can also occur in sport and play programmes. Child athletes are rarely consulted about their sporting experiences, and awareness of and education on child protection issues among sport teachers, coaches and other stakeholders is too often lacking.
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre - ISBN: 978-88-89129-96-8 ISSN: 1028-3528
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PUBLIC PLAY PROVISION FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
This study into the public play provision for children with disabilities has been carried out by Sugradh. The research is funded under the NDA Research Promotion Scheme. This scheme was established to facilitate disability groups and community & voluntary organisations working on disability issues to undertake research. The scheme aims to build the research capacity of such groups; to broaden and deepen knowledge of specific disability issues; and to inform policy makers and service deliverers of disability needs and issues. The NDA is committed to research using
Richard Webb - Sugradh Celebrating the Childs Right to Play -
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Public Playground Safety Handbook
In recent years, it is estimated that there were more than 156,000 injuries annually on public playgrounds across the country that required emergency room treatment. By following the recommended guidelines in this handbook, you and your community can create a safer playground environment for all children and contribute to the reduction of playground-related deaths and injuries.
- U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission -
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Scottish Planning Policy 11 - Physical Activity and Open Space Consultation
Play Scotland's response
- Play Scotland -
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Secured by Design
The following checklist highlights design and management features which need to be included in the planning of play areas and in their design and construction which will help reduce opportunity for their use in crime and anti-social behaviour.
- Secured by Design -
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State of Play Report Summary
A report into the future of UK play provision and the Playbuilder legacy (2008-2011)
- API -
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The Case for Play
Kellock Peter - Playground Ideas -
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The Case for Play
Today over 90% of the worlds primary age children attend school. But sadly for many children across the globe, the education they are receiving is failing to equip them with even the most basic skills. In some parts of the world up to two-thirds of children are failing to reach the minimum benchmarks of learning.
- Playground Ideas -
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THE DISSOLUTION OF CHILDRENS OUTDOOR PLAY: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
On no other educational or child development issue is the body of evidence clearer play is essential to the healthy development of children and to their adaptation to their culture, society and world. Beginning with the practices and views of the great reformers of the pre-twentieth century era, and continuing through decades of scholarly research, the conclusions have been consistently pro-play.
Joe L. Frost - University of Texas -
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THE ENCULTURATIVE FUNCTION OF TOYS AND GAMES IN ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the enculturative function of childrens toys and games in ancient Greece and Rome. Childrens play has been shown to affect their development on many different levels including cognitive, behavioral, and psychological. Play is also one method through which cultures work to enculturate children. Enculturation is the process by which cultural values and behaviors are transmitted from adults to children.
Jaime Marie Layne - -
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The Good Play Space Guide: “I can play too”
The purpose of this guide is to examine the reasons why play spaces can limit access to some children and identify how improvements can be made to increase participation by all children in play.
- Sport and Recreation Victoria, Australia -
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The Good Play Space Guide: I Can Play Too
A resource which will assist in understanding accessibility in play spaces, and guide the planning, design, construction, maintenance and management of play spaces. It will be a valuable resource for all organisations committed to inclusive sport and recreation environments for people of all abilities.
- Victoria State Government, Australia - 1-39781921331-00-8
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The Importance of Play
A Report on the subject with a series of policy recommendations
Dr David Whitbread and others - Toy Industries of Europe -
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The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds
This report offers guidelines on how pediatricians can advocate for children by helping families, school systems, and communities consider how best to ensure that play is protected as they seek the balance in children’s lives to create the optimal developmental milieu.
- American Acadamy of Paediatrics -
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The Playgrounnd Playbook
Feeling left out of playground fun hurts! However, getting into groups or pickup games (which are games created spontaneously by players who form the teams, make the rules, and referee the action themselves) takes speci?c skills and know how. There are common problems that kids experience. To answer the needs of such children Ive written The Playground Playbook. In it Ive described ways that can be used by kids of various skill levels to overcome many basic game and group related di?culties.
Todd Rosenthal - -
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The relationship between play levels and sibling status: Only versus second birth order children.
This study examines the play levels of children who have older siblings compared to children who do not have any siblings.
Benjamin King - ProQuest -
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The Role of Play in Childrens Palliative Care
Play is the universal language of childhood and the time and opportunity to play is every childs right. The role of play as a vehicle for communication, a tool for distraction and its value in the holistic development of a normal child is without dispute. The role and value of play increase proportionately when a child is made more vulnerable through illness or disability. Despite this, providing time and opportunities to play can be overlooked or considered to be of little importance or relevance when the focus of the adult carers is the amelioration of clinical symptoms of the illness and on lessening the psychological impact the illness may have on the child.
Sue Boucher, Julia Downing and Rise Shemilt - Children 2014 - ISSN 2227-9067
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Time for Play
UK Government publication about encouraging opportunities for Play
- Department for Culture Media and Sport -
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Time for Play
The focus of this document is on Government action to encourage the promotion of greater play opportunities for children and young people. It concentrates on the importance of play, as well as some of the key issues relating to it. August 2006
- Dept Media Culture Sport -
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Virtual worlds as a site of convergence for childrens play
Virtual worlds have made notable inroads into the lives of children, affording online extensions of their offline lives In this article, we propose a conceptual framework for understanding the space that virtual worlds occupy in childrens play and the ways in which childrens participation in them overlap with their everyday play experiences, both offline and mediated. We argue that virtual worlds can be viewed as sites of convergence for childrens play in that virtual worlds allow for almost all aspects of childrens play to converge, primarily manifested in the convergence of social spheres, the convergence of play spaces and playthings, the convergence of cultures and the convergence of learning experiences. we explain how such convergence, while presenting valuable opportunities for children to learn and develop, will not be fully exploited without a corresponding ability on the part of parents and children to recognise potential risks; and for parents and educators to scaffold these learning opportunities.
Sun Sun Lim, Lynn Schofield Clark - Journal of Virtual Worlds Research -
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Waveney Play Stratgey
Play Strategy of Waveney District Council August 2008
- Waveney DC -
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Wiltshire Play Strategy
as stated
- Wiltshire County Council -
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Play Ranger Project A Play Service for Stafford District Through a Community Cohesion Approach
This research has been compiled from a two year Play Ranger project carried out by a partnership of S&Y Social Enterprise, The Signpost Centre Stafford and King Edward V1 Community & Learning Partnership (C&LP). The work was commissioned by The Childrens Fund.
- Staffordshire County Council -
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3rd Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
After several years of negotiations on an international level, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations has adopted on the 17th of June 2011, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure regarding violations of the rights of child.
- United Nations -
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A Decade for Childhood, 2010-2020
Our understanding of childhood as a critical stage of human life has grown exponentially in recent years. At the same time we see a constellation of disturbing trends that devalue and endanger childrens healthy development.
- The Alliance for Childhood/ The Association for Childhood Education International -
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ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOUR CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS
This guidance booklet has been produced by the Home Office’s Anti-Social Behaviour and Alcohol Unit, in response to demand from practitioners for an accessible guide to current practice in this field. It has been drawn up with the help and advice of a range of partner agencies, including the police and local authorities. It reflects what is actually being done with ABCs/ABAs, by agencies that have found this intervention an effective part of the toolkit for tackling anti-social behaviour.
- The Home Office, August 2007 -
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Alternative Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Re UK Quinquennial Review 2016
This Report is published by Fair Play for Children as regards the review of the Committee on the Rights of the Child concerning State Party, the United Kingdom. It is concerned with the UK record as regards Article 31 of the Convention, Article 12 and other related Articles and issues.
Jan Cosgrove - Fair Play for Children -
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American Bar Association Urges US to Ratify Optional Protocol on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
- American Bar Association -
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An overview of child labour in agriculture
Seventy per cent of working children are in agriculture - over 132 million girls and boys aged 5-14 years old. The vast majority of the worlds child labourers are not toiling in factories and sweatshops or working as domestics or street vendors in urban areas, they are working on farms and plantations, often from sun up to sun down, planting and harvesting crops, spraying pesticides, and tending livestock on rural farms and plantations.
- ILO -
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Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 - explanatory notes
Notes re the 2003 Act
- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -
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Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 - The Act
This UK Act allows the police to designate an area, and having done so to allow a police officer to remove anyone s/he "reasonably" believes to be under 16 to their homes if they are out after 9pm. Widely condemned by children's rights groups, yet several hundred such areas declared by UK local authorities.
- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -
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Appointment of the Childrens Commissioner for England Third Report of Session 201415
Report, together with formal minutes and written evidence
- JK Parliament -
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Business practices and lessons learned on addressing child labour
The Child Labour Platform was set up by The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) at the request of the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment and in cooperation with UN Global Compact. As of 2012 the Child Labour Platform will continue as thematic initiative as part of the UN Global Compact Labour Working Group. IDH coordinated the Child Labour Platform as well as the publication of this booklet, which summarizes the experiences, practices and lessons learned, shared during the first year of the Platform. The Booklet thus draws on extensive input from the participating companies and partners of the Child Labour Platform.
- The Child Labour Platform -
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Child labour prevention in agriculture
Because of poverty, the breakdown of the family, the demand for cheap labour, family indebtedness, household shocks due to HIV and other reasons, many younger children end up doing work that poses a risk to their physical and psychological development or to their right to formal education. The prevention and mitigation of child labour has always been an implicit element of the JFFLS approach through its emphasis on child protection as a guiding principle and through its aim to promote decent work in agriculture for youth.
- ILO -
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Children are Everyones Business - Pilot workbook - unite for children
A practical workbook to help companies understand and address their impact on childrens rights. UNICEF developed this Workbook to support your companys efforts to better understand and address its impact on children in the workplace, marketplace, community and the environment.
- UNICEF -
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Children on the edge of care
A report of childrens views by the Childrens Rights Director for England
Roger Morgan - Ofsted -
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COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Fifty-first session Geneva, 25 May-12 June 2009
The right of all children to be heard and taken seriously constitutes one of the fundamental values of the Convention. The Committee on the Rights of the Child (the Committee) has identified article 12 as one of the four general principles of the Convention, the others being the right to non-discrimination, the right to life and development, and the primary consideration of the childs best interests, which highlights the fact that this article establishes not only a right in itself, but should also be considered in the interpretation and implementation of all other rights.
- United Nations -
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COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Forty-ninth session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION Concluding observations United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The full text of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Examination of the state of Children's Rights in the UK in 2008
UN Committee Rights of the Child - United Nations -
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Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The Committee considered the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (CRC/C/GBR/5) at its 2114th and 2115th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2114 and 2115), held on 23 and 24 May 2016, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2132nd meeting.
UN Committee on the Rights of the Child - UN Committee on the Rights of the Child -
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Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child considered the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (CRC/C/GBR/5) at its 2114th and 2115th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2114 and 2115), held on 23 and 24 May 2016, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2132nd meeting (see CRC/C/SR.2132), held on 3 June 2016.
- UNCRC -
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Consolidated Good Practices in Education and Child Labour
Education is pivotal to eliminating and preventing child labour, to establishing a skilled workforce and to promoting development based on the principles of social justice and human rights. The international communitys efforts to achieve EFA and the progressive elimination of child labour are therefore inextricably linked. On the one hand, education is a key tool in preventing child labour. Children with little or no access to quality education have little alternative but to enter the labour market where they are often forced to work in dangerous and exploitative conditions. On the other hand, child labour is a major obstacle to the achievement of EFA, since children who are working full time cannot go to school. For those who combine work and school, their educational achievement will suffer and there is a strong tendency for them to drop out of school to go into full-time employment.
- ILO -
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Council conclusions on child labour - 14 June 2010 EU
The Council expresses its deep concern about the fact that over 200 million children are still engaged in child labour, more than a half of which are in hazardous work. The Council reaffirms its commitment to protect and promote the rights of the child, including the right of children to enjoy education and to live a life free from child labour.
- EU -
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COUNCIL OF EUROPE ACTIONS TO PROMOTE CHILDRENS RIGHTS TO PROTECTION FROM ALL FORMS OF VIOLENCE
The Council of Europe was established to defend parliamentary democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Pursuing the fundamental rights of everyone to respect for their human dignity and physical integrity, the Council is making a powerful impact on the protection of children from all forms of violence across the continent. Its varied components have contributed to making violence against children more visible and thus revealed the size of the task remaining to prevent and eliminate it. This publication summarises and references the most relevant actions.
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre - ISBN: 88-89129-22-0
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Do we need a UK Bill of Rights?
The Rights of the Child UK (ROCK) is a coalition of voluntary organisations and individuals from across the UK pushing for the full incorporation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) into UK law. This submission is endorsed by the following ROCK member organisations, several of whom are large membership organisations in their own right: Article 12 in Scotland Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education Children in Wales Children's Rights Alliance for England The Children's Society Coram Children's Legal Centre The Fatherhood Institute Howard League for Penal Reform National Children's Bureau Just Fair Save the Children Scope Together Scottish Alliance for Children's Rights UNICEF UK Voice
- ROCK Coalition -
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Dr Maggie Atkinson, Childrens Commissioner for England: Speech at the South East Participation Conference
Speech at the South East Participation Conference 22 February 2011
Dr Maggie Atkinson - -
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European Convention on the Exercise of Children's Rights
Strasbourg, 25.I.1996. Text of Convention ratified by a number of EU states
- Council of Europe -
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Europes children in care what role for the EU?
Presentation in round table discussion at the occasion of the launch of Eurochilds survey on children in alternative care.
Jan Ja?ab, Regional Representative for Europe - Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights -
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Fairness in Flowers Campaign Toolkit
Report on use of women and child labour in flower-growing industry
- International Labor Rights Forum -
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Follow-up to the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Children
The Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children (A/61/299) reveals the widespread and intolerable use of violence against children worldwide. The study found that violence affects both girls and boys of all ages, all social contexts, and all nationalities. The short and long-term repercussions of this violence are devastating—including injuries, disabilities, life-long emotional and psychological effects, sometimes death, as well as significant economic and other costs to society. The Study presents a comprehensive set of recommendations detailing necessary steps to prevent and respond to violence against children.
- CRIN and others -
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Global Jobs Pact - Contributing to the fight against child labour
The global economic crisis and its aftermath mean the world faces the prospect of a prolonged increase in unemployment, deepening poverty and inequality. Among those that stand to be most affected are the children of the worlds poor and vulnerable families. Increasing unemployment and poverty threaten to jepoardise childrens education, health and welfare. The result could be to halt, or even to reverse, the recent global progress in reducing child labour and increasing childrens access to education.
- IPEC -
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Human Trafficking in Iraq - Patterns and Practices in Forced Labor and Sexual Exploitation
Human trafficking in the form of forced prostitution and labor has long existed in Iraq, as has forced marriage and domestic servitude within the family, tribe and community. Since the 2003 invasion and subsequent civil war, Iraq has increasingly been a source of trafficking victims who are transported to neighboring countries, as well as a destination for foreign workers who are at risk of trafficking and come to Iraq from the Philippines, Nepal, Bangladesh and other countries where poverty is widespread. Furthermore, internal conflict and breakdown in law and order has resulted in a rise in kidnapping and trafficking from one location to another within Iraq.
- prepared by Heartland Alliance for Human Needs & Human Rights -
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Lost in Care - Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Abuse of Children in Care in the Former County Council Areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974
On 17 June 1996 the Secretary of State for Wales, the Rt Hon William Hague MP, informed the House of Commons of the Government's decision, subject to the approval of both Houses of Parliament, that there should be a judicial inquiry, with the powers conferred by the Tribunals of Inquiry (Evidence) Act 1921, into the alleged abuse of children in care in the former county council areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974.
- HMSO - ISBN 0 10 556660 8
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MIGRATING ALONE - UNACCOMPANIED AND SEPARATED CHILDREN'S MIGRATION TO EUROPE
The independent migration of children, while having several characteristics and many links in common with that of adults, has emerged as a specific phenomenon all over the world. The planned, forced or spontaneous decision to abandon the household and country of origin takes on a new dimension when the people involved in a long and often dangerous migration adventure are sometimes just in their early teens. Since the early 1990s, most European countries have been destination or transit points (sometimes both) for these young migrants.
Edited by J. Kanics, D. Senovilla Hernndez and K. Touzenis - UNESCO Publishing - ISBN 978 92 3 104091 7
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No Fear - Growing up in a risk averse society
No Fear joins the increasingly vigorous debate about the role and nature of childhood in the UK. Over the past 30 years activities that previous generations of children enjoyed without a second thought have been relabelled as troubling or dangerous, and the adults who permit them branded as irresponsible. No Fear argues that childhood is being undermined by the growth of risk aversion and its intrusion into every aspect of children’s lives. This restricts children’s play, limits their freedom of movement, corrodes their relationships with adults and constrains their exploration of physical, social and virtual worlds.
Tim Gill - Gulbenkian -
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Opening statement by Ms. Navanethem Pillay United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights at the Open-ended Working Group on an Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure
"It is encouraging to note that much progress has been made since you met for the first time, almost one year ago, to explore the possibility of elaborating an Optional Protocol. In the course of your deliberations at that time it became clear that there was a need for an instrument providing children the same level of protection envisaged for right holders by other international core human rights treaties. Following your discussions, the Council extended the mandate of the Working Group and requested its Chairperson to prepare a proposal for a draft.
Ms. Navanethem Pillay - United Nations -
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PRIORITIES FOR WALES - UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
THE UN COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (UNCRC) EXAMINED THE UK GOVERNMENT IN SEPTEMBER 2008 TO SEE HOW WELL IT IS PROTECTING CHILDRENS HUMAN RIGHTS. THE COMMITTEE MEETS EVERY FOUR TO FIVE YEARS TO REVIEW THE PROGRESS THAT HAS BEEN MADE. INFORMATION ON THE PROGRESS THAT HAD BEEN MADE WAS PROVIDED BY THE FOUR UK GOVERNMENTS (ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, NORTHERN IRELAND AND WALES), AND OTHER ORGANISATIONS WHO HAVE AN INTEREST IN CHILDRENS RIGHTS. THE UN COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ASKED A NUMBER OF QUESTIONS ABOUT KEY PRIORITIES AND THE FOLLOWING WERE AGREED FOR WALES AND SUBMITTED TO THE UN COMMITTEE.
- WELSH ASSEMBLY GOVERNMENT -
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Research on Children's Rights in Education
The nursery setting can be viewed as a meeting place for diverse individual and group identities (DECET, 2008). Under the UNCRC (1989), every child from birth, along with other rights, has a right to an identity (Article 8) and non discrimination (Article 2). Balancing between developing positive individual and diverse identities with more collective and universal identities is a challenge for every early years setting. Seminar report.
Kristina Konstantoni - EERA -
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Review of the Office of the Children's Commissioner
The recommendations in this report strengthen the remit, powers and independence of the Commissioner, which will set the Commissioner apart from the many childrens organisations and provide the Commissioner with a unique role.
- Department for Education/HMSO -
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State Report on the Convention on the Rights of the Child - China's Practice and Views
The status quo and application of ....
- not stated -
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Sweet Hazards
Child labor on sugarcane plantations in the Philippines
- Terre des Hommes Netherlands, 2005 -
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Testimony: Public Hearing - Goods from Countries Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
"The Child Labor Product List takes the important step of creating a platform from which consumers and other market actors can fully participate, through advocacy or simply through their daily purchasing decisions, in informing companies and policy-makers of their desires over how to help meaningfully change the lives of child laborers for the better by promoting sustainable solutions for economic development through their own economic decisions."
- US Department of Labor -
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The Cocoa Protocol: Success or Failure?
People around the world share a love of chocolate, one of the most delicious and pleasurable foods on earth. However, thousands of Africa’s children are forced to labor in the production of cocoa, chocolate’s primary ingredient. The West African nation of Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is the leading supplier of cocoa, accounting for more than 40% of global production. Low cocoa prices and lower labor costs drive farmers to employ children as a means to survive.
- International Labor Rights Forum -
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THE CRC THEORY OF CHIILDREN''S RIGHTS:: WORK IIN PROGRESS
The question of the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) has been a subject of public and academic debate in the US. Yet, most of this discussion has focused on the Conventions potential influence on a number of specific issues such as abortion, parental rights, and children litigating against their parents. Missing from this debate is an emphasis on a broader evaluation of the conceptual change in the meaning of childhood and childrens rights embedded in the Convention.
Tamar Morag - Tamar Morag -
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The EU approach to combating child labour
Conference presentation
- European Union -
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THE GAZA BLOCKADE: CHILDREN AND EDUCATION FACT SHEET
Arabic Version - Facts and figures about the Gaza Blockade
- AIDA -
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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective
- National Coalition for the Implementation of the UN-Convention on the Rights of the Child in Germany -
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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective Legal study prepared on behalf of Kindernothilfe e.V. in cooperation with the National Coalition Germany Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention
Dr. Mehrdad Payandeh, LL.M. (Yale) - National Coalition Germany Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention -
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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective Legal study prepared on behalf of Kindernothilfe e.V. in cooperation with the National Coalition Germany Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention
Dr. Mehrdad Payandeh, LL.M. (Yale) - National Coalition Germany Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention -
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The Use of isolation Rooms and School Rules

A study by a voluntary sector youth rights worker in West Sussex, UK, about a situation reported to her by pupils at a Secondary School in the County.    The report raises serious concerns re their rights and quality of education.

Dot Gill BSC Hons    Fair Play for Children             
WEBLINK: http://www.fairplayforchildren.net/Exclusion.pdf         We   

The worst of all bad habits
There is one aspect of corporal punishment which is rarely mentioned, but should be: its sexual side. Some people experience a profound psychological need to dominate a defenseless victim, including the need to inflict terror and pain by beating. This compulsion probably has its origin in their own early experience of cruelty at some critical stage of their development
- Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education -
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TO TRULY UNIVERSALIZE CHILD RIGHTS GLOBAL COMMUNITY MUST REACH NEEDIEST CHILDREN IN CRITICAL EARLY YEARS WITH NUTRITION, PROTECTION, THIRD COMMITTEE TOLD
Head of UN Childrens Fund Addresses Committee; also Hears Special Envoys On Children and Armed Conflict, Violence against Children, Sale of Children
- United Nations -
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UK Childrens Commissioners Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
This is the first time that the Committee will be able to make its Concluding Observations in the knowledge that there are independent institutions in the UK committed to promoting and monitoring implementation. It will assist us in our task if the Committee can hold the Government accountable through clear recommendations about specific actions and the mechanisms needed to monitor implementation.
UK Children Commissioners - UK Children Commissioners -
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UK Childrens Commissioners Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child 2008
This is the first time that the Committee will be able to make its Concluding Observations in the knowledge that there are independent institutions in the UK committed to promoting and monitoring implementation. It will assist us in our task if the Committee can hold the Government accountable through clear recommendations about specific actions and the mechanisms needed to monitor implementation.
The UK Childrens Commissioners - The UK Childrens Commissioners -
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UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The seminal international Convention on Children's Rights signed up to by the vast majority of nations.
- UNICEF -
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or for printing
 
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT - Fourth Amendment Violation
We are asked to decide whether the actions of a child protective services caseworker and deputy sheriff, understandably concerned for the well-being of two young girls, exceeded the bounds of the constitution. Specifically, the girls mother, Sarah Greene, alleges, on behalf of S.G., one of her children, that the caseworker, Bob Camreta, and deputy sheriff, James Alford, violated the Fourth Amendment when they seized and interrogated S.G. in a private office at her school for two hours without a warrant, probable cause, or parental consent.
Opinion by Judge Berzon - -
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Child-Care
Childcare Act 2006 - the Act
This UK Act imposes certain obligations upon local authorities re children's well-being and establishes new voluntary and compulsory registration requirements on childcare providers
- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -
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Childcare costs survey 2008
This is the seventh annual childcare costs survey conducted by Daycare Trust, the National Childcare Campaign. This year’s survey shows that childcare costs continue to rise in England and Wales while costs in Scotland have slightly fallen. Parents also continue to report a lack of affordable childcare in their area.
- DayCare Trust -
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Listening to parents of disabled children about childcare
Use of childcare varies greatly between parents of disabled children, and the type and level of the child’s disability may be a factor affecting their use. Some parents of children with severe and complex additional needs who we spoke to used very little or no formal childcare, instead becoming full time carers themselves and/or relying on Direct Payments to employ care workers in the home. Use of childcare was also low among parents of autistic children we spoke to who felt that childcare settings are generally not appropriate for their children whose needs are distinct from those of other disabled children. Many felt that childcare opportunities are not equal among parents, with some having access to places that other parents have not.
- Daycare Trust -
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Out of school childcare survey
As the leading national champion of out of school provision 4Children has been closely monitoring the impact of budget cuts and shifting policy priorities. In addition, we were concerned that the pressures on parents caused by the changing economic climate, struggles with increasing unemployment, changing working patterns and stretched household finances may be adversely affecting childcare providers. To ensure we had a full picture from the frontline we decided to undertake a national survey of childcare providers.
- 4Children -
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The price parents pay - sharing the costs of childcare (2001)
The Government’s National Childcare Strategy, launched in May 1998, presented an opportunity for more children and parents to access quality, affordable childcare services in the UK than ever before. Now, three years on, childcare is high up the political agenda but British parents continue to pick up most of the childcare bill despite the substantial sums of Government money being spent on childcare. The availability and cost of formal childcare have grown in importance in recent decades as increasing numbers of mothers return to paid employment rather than undertake full time care of their children. In 2001, almost 58% of mothers with children under five are in work2. A recent MORI survey found that 75% of parents say that working parents do not have enough childcare and two thirds believe that more affordable childcare is essential to help mothers return to work3.
- Daycare Trust -
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The UK at the Crossroads
This paper argues we need now to review a number of critical issues, for example about - the age range of early childhood, staffing, funding, entitlement, types of provision and providers, the balance between prescription and diversity, our image of the child. It also argues that being a member of a European community, with so many partners, provides a resource to assist with addressing these issues and to help us to think about and decide our future direction.
Peter Moss - Daycare Trust -
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Child General
ENGAGING WITH BLACK AND MINORITY ETHNIC FAMILIES
Conference presentation
Radhika Howorth - Radhika Howorth -
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Positive Verbal Environments - Setting the Stage for Young Childrens Social Development
With a renewed interest among educators in childrens self-perceptions and the development of social interaction skills, the concept of the verbal environment, formulated by Kostelnik, Stein, and Whiren (1988) more than 20 years ago, is worth revisiting .
Darrell Meece and Anne K. Soderman - Young Children September 2010 -
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The Children and Young People’s Plan (England) Regulations 2005
"Each authority in England shall, in accordance with these Regulations, prepare and publish a plan (referred to in these Regulations as a children and young people’s plan) setting out the authority’s strategy for discharging their functions in relation to children and relevant young persons."
- HM Stationery Office -
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The Children Fund - First Wave Partnerships
Evaluation of the Children Fund's work in England and Wales by Ofsted, The Audit Commission and the Social Services Inspectorate. 2003
- HMSO -
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The Children's Plan - Summary
"The Children’s Plan sets out our plans for the next ten years under each of the Department for Children, Schools and Families’ strategic objectives, with a chapter at the end looking at how we will make these reforms happen."
- Department for Children Schools and Families -
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The Childrens Fund First wave partnerships
Between September 2002 and March 2003, 18 first wave partnerships were inspected. The inspections took place at an early stage in the development of the fund and the visits lasted around two days. Thirteen partnerships were inspected by one of Her Majestys Inspectors of Schools (HMI) and a member of the Social Services Inspectorate (SSI). Two visits were made by an HMI and a member of the Audit Commission Inspection Service. Three visits were made by only HMI. A full description of the methods used in the inspection is included in annex B at the end of this report. This report reviews the findings of these visits. Inspectors made judgements about the outcomes, activities, planning and management of each programme. In addition, the outcomes, activities, planning and management of each service visited were evaluated.
2003 - Audit Commission, Ofsted, Social Services Inspectorate -
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Child Health
At least 5 a week
Evidence on the impact of physical activity and its relationship to health A report from the Chief Medical Officer, UK. April 2004
- Department of Health -
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At least five a week
For children and young people, a total of at least 60 minutes of at least moderate intensity physical activity each day is needed, and at least twice a week this should include activities to improve bone health (activities that produce high physical stresses on the bones), muscle strength and flexibility.
- Chief Medical Officer of Health England 2004 -
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Drugs and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: Unpacking Article 33
Conference Presentation
Damon Barrett - -
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Government Response to the Health Select Committees Report on Obesity
The House of Commons Health Select Committee published its report on Obesity on May 2004. This Command Paper sets out the Governments response to the recommendations in that r eport.
- DfES -
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Quality standard for the epilepsies in children and young people.
This quality standard covers the diagnosis and management of the epilepsies in children and young people (aged up to 18 years). For more information see the scope for this quality standard.
Unicef - -
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The Good Childhood Inquiry Draft Evidence Submitted by Play England November 2006
Play is crucial to childrens health and development and has an important role in addressing concerns about increases in obesity and mental health. Targeted play provision works at different levels of need. Some projects haveused play in order to support children.
- Play England -
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Why Investing in Trauma-Informed Care for Children Makes Sense
Any number of factors can contribute to a person becoming involved in the criminal justice system, including a history of trauma or victimization. Over 93,000 children are currently locked up in juvenile correctional facilities around the country. Research shows that while up to 34 percent of children in the United States have experienced at least one traumatic event, between 75 and 93 percent of youth entering the juvenile justice system annually in this country are estimated to have experienced some degree of trauma.
- Justice Policy Institute -
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Children's Environment
Children Transport and the Quality of Life
This seminal Report brings together various contributions examining the loss of freedom to access their environments on their own over a period of decades.
Meyer Hillman - Policy Studies Institure -
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Childrens Development from a CulturalHistorical Approach: Childrens Activity in Everyday Local Settings HMCA1074-90391532-7884Mind, Culture, and Activity, Vol. 16, No. 1, November 2008: pp. 134nd, Culture, and Activity as Foundation for Their Development
A central dilemma in developmental psychology has been to combine general concepts with research of the individual child in all her complexity in everyday life activities. Psychologists such as Riegel, Bronfenbrenner, Burman, Morss, Hedegaard, and Walkerdine have criticized research approaches that study child development from a functional view. Sociologists and anthropologists, such as Corsaro, James, Jenks, Prout, and Qvotrup have instead argued for childhood studies as the alternative to developmental psychology. None of these approaches is alone sufficient; instead, it is important to formulate a theoretical approach of child and youth development that combines general psychological concepts with research of children and youth in concrete settings, such as home or school.
Mariane Hedegaard Copenhagen University - This article is a revision of the presentation from the First ISCAR Congress, Seville, Spain, 2005. -
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CPSC Passes Final Interpretive Rule on Definition of Childrens Products
After lengthy debate the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) approved a Final Interpretive Rule on applying the term childrens product used in the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA). The rule is designed to provide manufacturers, importers and other interested parties a better understanding of how the Agency evaluates whether an item is a childrens product and, therefore, subject to special requirements under the CPSIA.
- www.bryancave.com -
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NEW REPORT HELPS HIGHLIGHT CHILD CASUALTY RATES ACROSS GREAT BRITIAN
The research is based on five years data covering over 120,000 child road casualties and is the first time that such a detailed study has been conducted. The findings indicate that children living in Preston are more than twice as likely to be injured on the road than the national average, and five times more likely than those in Kensington & Chelsea.
- Road Safety Analysis, -
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Child Protection
CEOP Report Review 2010-2011 and Centre Plan 2011-2012
from The Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) Centre
- CEOP -
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CHILD PROTECTION IN PLAY Information Pack for Responsible Officers
Pack for Responsible Officers Participating in the Umbrella Scheme operated by Fair Play for Children within the CRB and ISA systems
Jan Cosgrove - Fair Play for Children -
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Hints and Allegations
Child Protection in Organised Settings: The Lessons from Penn State Questions re Jimmy Savile and UK Institutional Abuse This Report is published as a spate of revelations about the late Sir Jimmy Savile relating to abuse in institutions in the UK have come to light. The simple premise of this report is to argue for a wide-ranging inquiry set up by the Government to examine the whole question of such abuse in UK institutions.
Jan Cosgrove - Fair Play for Children -
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Historic Cases Review of Roy Cotton and Colin Pritchard 
Review of cases of 2 Anglican priests in the Chichester Diocese of the Church of England
Elizabeth Butler-Sloss - -
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ISA Referral Guidance
The Independent Safeguarding Authoritys (ISA) Referral Guidance is for use when considering or making a referral. there is harm or risk of harm to children or vulnerable adults, relevant conduct has occurred or an individual has received a caution or conviction for a relevant offence. This Guidance will help employers, personnel suppliers, volunteer coordinators and other bodies in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to: understand their duties to refer information to the ISA under the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 (2006 Act) and the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups (Northern Ireland) Order 2007 (2007 Order); understand ISA referral policies and processes; and complete the ISA Referral Form.
- Independent Safeguarding Authority -
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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
This guidance is critical because LGBT youth are at heightened risk of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, particularly in secure settings. In addition, LGBT youth represent up to 20 percent of detained youth a far greater percentage than their share of the general population. Although the guide is chiefly aimed at promoting the health and well-being of LGBT youth, its recommendations will benefit all justice-involved youth by exposing and challenging bias, promoting mutual respect and increasing professionalism. The recommendations in the guide are also consistent with core JDAI strategies.
Shannan Wilber, youth policy director at the National Center for Lesbian Rights. - The Annie E. Casey Foundation -
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PRACTICE ADVICE INTRODUCTION TO INTELLIGENCE-LED POLICING
The concept of intelligence-led policing underpins all aspects of policing, from neighbourhood policing and partnership work to the investigation of serious and organised crime and terrorism. Within the framework of the National Intelligence Model, the effective and efficient collection, recording, dissemination and retention of information allows for the identification of material which can be assessed for intelligence value and enables decision-making about priorities and tactical options. Where information has been derived from human sources, whether members of the public, criminals or police staff, additional risks and considerations arise about the management of such material. It is, therefore, important that staff understand the role that they play in the intelligence-led policing process, and how they can achieve the best results.
Produced on behalf of the Association of Chief Police Officers - National Centre for Policing Excellence -
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Projected Child Victims by Offender Type
Projections by Fair Play, based on figures showing Perpetrators by Relationship to Victims (2004 figures) and the disproportionately large number of child victims where the offender is in a non-family, Professional relationship.
Jan Cosgrove - Fair Play for Children -
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Refocusing Children's Services Towards Prevention
Literature Review 2004
- Dartington Social Research Unit -
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Registration of childcare providers from September 2008
The regulation of childcare and related activities coming into force in the UK in September 2008
- Ofsted -
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Results of Second ISA Consultation
Consultation undertaken by ISA with stakeholders on issues relating to the setting up of the Vetting and Barring Scheme in the UK
- Independent Safeguarding Authority -
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SERIOUS CASE REVIEW Executive Summary OVERVIEW REPORT Re RM
Following investigation of allegations of sexual assault RM was arrested on 26 February 2008 and charged with offences relating to two youths. The following day the investigation was declared a major incident (Operation Presley) and offences against eight boys and youths were uncovered. 1.2 RM was charged with 28 offences. He pleaded guilty to a specimen number including attempted rape and other sexual assaults. RM was sentenced on 20 September 2008 at Teesside Crown Court to an indefinite term for public protection in prison, with the stipulation that he serve a minimum of seven years before he may apply for parole.
Jack Blackmore - SOUTH TEES LOCAL SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN’S BOARD -
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Sexting: Youth Practices and Legal Implications
This document addresses legal and practical issues related to the practice colloquially known as sexting. It was created by Harvard Law Schools Cyberlaw Clinic, based at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, for the Berkman Centers Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative.1 The Initiative is exploring policy issues that fall within three substantive clusters emerging from youths information and communications technology practices: Risky Behaviors and Online Safety; Privacy, Publicity and Reputation; and Youth Created Content and Information Quality.
Dena T. Sacco, with Rebecca Argudin, James Maguire, and Kelly Tallon - Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University -
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Sexual Offences Act 2003 - The Act
"An Act to make new provision about sexual offences, their prevention and the protection of children from harm from other sexual acts, and for connected purposes." Widening and clarifying the law.
- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -
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Significant Case Review: Brandon Lee Muir
Following the death of Brandon Muir, those charged with leading and managing child protection services in Dundee commissioned two separate reviews. A significant case review was commissioned in line with national guidance to examine the particular circumstances surrounding the child protection issues, and the role of the various authorities involved. Separately, an independent review was commissioned by the Chief Officers Group to ensure validation of the Significant Case Review, but also to address wider issues which may emerge, not necessarily related to the death of Brandon.
Jimmy Hawthorn, Peter Wilson - Dundee CYPPC -
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Staying Safe: Summary
Keeping children and young people safe is a top priority. It is the responsibility of us all. That is why this consultation document seeks to promote discussion about how we could all do that better. Its purpose is to set out how we can work together to help children and young people stay safe, and make the most of their talents and new opportunities to fulfil their potential.
- Department for Children, Schools and Families - 978-1-84478-974-0
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Striking the Balance
In recent years there have been increasingly negative debates about both the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) system of checks on people working with children and adults at risk of abuse, as well as the proposed Vetting and Barring system managed by the Independent Safeguarding Authority. Some of that criticism has been about a perception of very bureaucratic and costly processes, while other criticisms have been about the degree of intrusion which these systems are seen to represent into the lives of ordinary people.
- Action on Elder Abuse -
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Submission to the Inquiry into the identification, rehabilitation, and care and protection of child offenders
Action for Children and Youth Aotearoa Incorporated (ACYA) is a coalition of nongovernmental organizations, families and individuals whose purpose is to promote the well-being of children and young people in Aotearoa New Zealand.
- ACYA -
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The Bichard Inquiry Report
A Public Inquiry Report on child protection procedures in Humberside Police and Cambridgeshire Constabulary, particularly the effectiveness of relevant intelligence-based record keeping, vetting practices since 1995 and information sharing with other agencies. This report makes recommendations on matters of local and national relevance.
Sir Michael Bichard - The Stationery Office -
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The Experiences of Children Participating in Organised Sport in the UK
This is the report of a major three year study of children and young peoples experiences of participating in organised sport1 in the UK. Conducted between 2007 and 2010
Kate Alexander, Anne Stafford, Ruth Lewis - The University of Edinburgh/NSPCC Child Protection Research Centre -
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THE POLLARD REVIEW: REPORT DATED 18 DECEMBER 2012
The report is divided into six parts. This first part provides an explanation of my methodology, along with background information relevant to the matters covered by this Review. This background information does not set out to be an exhaustive summary of the matters covered, but is provided in order to assist understanding of the matters covered in depth later in the Report.
Nick Pollard - BBC/Reed Smith -
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The protection of children in England: action plan
The Government’s response to Lord Laming. Ministers announced to Parliament on 12 November 2008 that they had asked Lord Laming to prepare an independent report of progress being made nationally in the delivery of arrangements to protect children, and to identify any barriers to effective, consistent implementation and how these might be overcome. On 12 March 2009, Lord Laming’s report, The Protection of Children in England: A Progress Report was published.
- Department for Children Schools and Families UK -
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The Sexual Abuse of Boys in Organized Male Sports
This article considers organized male-sports as a social space that facilitates the sexual abuse of boys. This is a seminal study
Mike Hartill - Men and Maculinities -
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT - Adam Walsh Act
In these consolidated cases, we resolve identical constitutional challenges to the civil commitment provision of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (the "Act")18 U.S.C. 4248 (2006).
DIANA GRIBBON MOTZ, Circuit Judge: - -
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Vetting and Disclosures: Getting it right in practice
In summer 2011, the Child Protection All Party Parliamentary Group held an enquiry into the implementation of the Governments changes to the vetting and barring and criminal records disclosure systems.
Child Protection All Party Parliamentary Group - NSPCC -
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Vetting and Disclosures: Getting it right in practice
In summer 2011, the Child Protection All Party Parliamentary Group held an enquiry into the implementation of the Governments changes to the vetting and barring and criminal records disclosure systems.
The Child Protection All Party Parliamentary Group - -
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6.2% of Child Offenders may account for at least 55% of Victims does not provide evidence for the claims made
Response by Ian Fletcher, Research Psychologist, The Lucy Faithfull Foundation to figures produced by Fair Play for Children
Ian Fletcher - Fair Play for Children -
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Young People
Council of Europe policy review on child and youth participation 2010?2011
The overall objective for the review is (a) to provide member states with an analysis of the extent to which legislation and policy in their country complies with the rights in the UN Convention of the rights of the child pertaining to children and young peoples participation and influence in decision?making; (b) to give member states advice and recommendations that will help them to implement international and national provisions on child and youth participation in practice; (c) to work towards a comparative framework in the field of child and youth participation in different member states and identify parameters of participation.
- Council of Europe -
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Passing Time
This is a report about young people and communities. It explores how young people talk about their community and the activities and support they want to see provided out of school. It starts by focusing on young people in just one neighbourhood and ends by using their experiences to look at how well teenagers are provided for across England. It argues that providing good services and activities for teenagers is vital for building strong communities that feel safe, vibrant and supportive for everyone.
Laura Edwards and Becky Hatch December 2003 - IPPR -
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Young People in Britain: 2003
This report describes the findings of the 2003 Young People’s Social Attitudes survey, a survey of 12 to 19 year olds. The interviews were carried out in connection with the British Social Attitudes (BSA) survey, an annual survey of adults aged 18 and over. Research Report No 564
Alison Park, Miranda Phillips and Mark Johnson - Department for Education and Skills -
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Youth Sport vs. Youth Crime
Evidence that youth engaged in organized sport are not likely to participate in criminal activities
David Carmichael - -
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Youth Work
A future at risk - Cuts in youth services
Aamong the various sources of support for young people that have been undermined and cut since 2010, youth services are perhaps the most misunderstood. This report examines what youth services and youth workers do, describes and analyses what has happened to funding for youth services in recent years, and discusses the impact of funding cuts. It also looks to the future, predicting the likely outcome if youth service cuts continue, and also makes positive recommendations.
- Unison -
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A future at risk Cuts in youth services
Youth services do a vital job in our communities. The benefits they provide for young people are real and long-lasting.
- Unison -
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Barcode Youth Cafe
Project in Weston-Super-Mare UK
- -
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DCMS Youth Service Survey 2013
Local Authority Youth Services Survey Context The survey was submitted to 154 local authorities and we received responses from 98 (60%). Limited information is held by Central Government. The survey was undertaken to develop a broader understanding from frontline staff of how local authorities are meeting their statutory duty by securing services and activities for young people to improve their wellbeing.
- DCMS -
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Local Authority Youth Services Survey Context 2013
The survey was submitted to 154 local authorities and we received responses from 98 (60%). Limited information is held by Central Government. The survey was undertaken to develop a broader understanding from frontline staff of how local authorities are meeting their statutory duty by securing services and activities for young people to improve their wellbeing [statutory duty below].
not known - not known -
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Statutory Guidance on Postive Activities
3. Section 507B of the Education Act 1996 - introduced through section 6 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006 - ensures for the first time that a single body working within the context of the childrens trust - holds lead responsibility for securing young peoples access to positive activities. The legislation also creates new legal requirements that place young people at the heart of decision making regarding the positive activity provision available to them, and which require local authorities to build in contestability when securing provision. In keeping with the legislation, local authorities should not assume the role of default provider of positive activities and should instead use planning and commissioning processes to identify the most appropriate provider; utilising the strengths of organisations within the voluntary and private sectors alongside those of the local authority itself (see paragraphs 64-75).
- Department for Education UK -
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The Statutory Basis of youth work
The briefing summarises the key provisions and arguments. The appendix sets out the clauses referred to in the paper to ease access to the detailed evidence.
- Department for Education UK -
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Tired of Hanging Around
Using Sports and leisure activities to prevent anti-social behaviour by young people
- The Audit Commission, UK -
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Youth Justice
Discussion Item Regarding Reinstituting Juvenile Curfew
Memorandum dated 12th March 2009 from Howard E. Williams, Chief of Police, City of San Marcos, CA, to Rick Menchaca, City Manager, raising point that current juvenile curfew ordinance had expired and the Council needed to consider whether or not to replace it.
Howard E Williams - City of San Marcos, CA -
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Submission to the Inquiry into the identification, rehabilitation, and care and protection of child offenders
ACYA would strongly support further research into the identifiers of child offending, and the effectiveness of the rehabilitation programmes operated by the Ministry of Social Development. There is a lack of quality research relating to child offending in New Zealand.
- Action for Children and Youth Aotearoa Incorporated (ACYA) -
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TESTIMONY OF LIZ RYAN CAMPAIGN FOR YOUTH JUSTICE FOR THE DC COUNCIL COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY DECEMBER 15, 2011
On behalf of the Campaign for Youth Justice (CFYJ), a national organization dedicated to ending the practice of trying, sentencing, and incarcerating youth under the age of 18 in the adult criminal justice system, I am respectfully submitting my testimony and recommendations on the confirmation of Thomas Faust as well as Department of Corrections (DOC) oversight issues and on the status of D.C. youth prosecuted in adult criminal court.
Liz Ryan - Campaign for Youth Justice -
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The brain's impact on youth justice
Understanding how the brain develops could help determine whether Illinois raises the age at which teenagers are tried in adult court.
Alissa Groeninger - The Chicago Reporter; Sep/Oct 2010; 39, 5 -
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Charities
Charities Act 2006
An Act to provide for the establishment and functions of the Charity Commission for England and Wales and the Charity Tribunal; to make other amendments of the law about charities, including provision about charitable incorporated organisations; to make further provision about public charitable collections and other fund-raising carried on in connection with charities and other institutions; to make other provision about the funding of such institutions; and for connected purposes.
- HMSO UK -
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Charities Act 2006 - explanatory notes
Notes to the 2006 UK Act
- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -
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The Charities Act 2006
Text of the UK legislation updating charity law with important new duties for trustees etc
- HMSO -
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General
Aligning Digital Reading Resources to Curriculum Objectives
Reading is the key to learning. The more students read, the more efficient they become. The more access they have to a rich supply of high-interest reading materials, the more they read. Because reading on digital devices comes naturally to this generation of learners and incorporates many benefits they value, such as convenient 24/7 access, districts are leveraging their investments in technology to use eBooks and other digital resources to improve students reading proficiency, frequency, and achievement.
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All-Parliamentary Groups List
All-party groups are unofficial, and have a membership of backbench Members of the House of Commons, or of both Houses. They are classified either as subject groups (relating to a particular topic eg. forestry) or country groups (relating to a particular country or region). The groups tend on the whole to cover subjects which are not generally contentious in party terms. These groups flourish and wane according to the interests and enthusiasm of Members and with the topicality of various subjects. They reflect the interests of the day and therefore may change frequently. Over the years since 1945, it has been argued, less and less influence has been exerted by backbench Members in the formulation of government policy, and there has been insufficient consultation between backbenchers and Ministers. All-party groups can sometimes serve as a counterbalance to this. They have a liaison function and can, when necessary, exert pressure on a Minister to modify policy or influence legislation and further action in particular areas. They thus play a part in the flexible pattern of consultation that Governments nowadays employ in order to sound out views both inside and outside Parliament.
- House of Commons Information Office -
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